Hillary Clinton is an American politician and the nominee of Democratic Party for President of the United States in the 2016 election also she is the Wife of former US President Bill Clinton.
She served as the 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 -2013 and the junior United States Senator representing New York from 2001 to 2009. She was the first lady of United States during the Presidency of Bill Clinton from 1993 to 2001, and First Lady of Arkanasas during his governorship from 1979 to 1981 and from 1983 to 1992.
Hillary was born on October 26, 1974 in Edgewater Hospital, Chicago, Illinois as Hillary Diane Rodham. She was raised in a United Methodist family in first Chicago and then their family migrated to suburban Park Ridge, Illions.
Her father Hugh Ellsworth Rodham was of Welsh and English descent. He had small business of textile industry. Her mother was a home maker of English, Scottish, French- Canadian, and Welsh Descent.
Hillary has two young brothers, Hugh and Tony. As a child she was a favorite student of her teachers at the public schools she attended in Park Ridge. She was active in her school days and participated in Sports such as swimming and base ball and earned numerous badges as a Brownie and Girl Scout.
She wanted to become astronaut and has often told a story of being inspired by U.S. Progress during the Space Race and sending a letter to NASA around 1961 asking what she could do to become an astronaut, only to be told that no women were being accepted in to the program.
Then she joined Maine East High School, where she participated in student council, the school local newspaper, and was elected for the National Honor Society. She was elected as class vice president for her junior year but then lost an election for class president of her senior year against two boys, one of whom said her,” you are really stupid if you think a girl can be elected president.
For her senior year, she and other students were transferred to the then new Maine South High School, where she became a National Merit Finalist and was voted “most likely to succeed.” She completed high school in 1965 securing top five of her class. Her mother wanted her to have an independent, Professional career, and her father felt his daughter’s abilities and opportunities should not be limited by gender.
Rodham raised in a political Conservative household, supported canvass Chicago’s South Side at the age of thirteen following the very close 1960 U.S. presidential election, where she saw evidence of electoral fraud (such as voting list entries showing addresses that were empty lots ) against Republican Candidate Richard Nixon.
She then volunteered to campaign for Republican Candidate Barry Goldwater in the U.S. presidential election of 1964. Her early political development shaped most by her high school history teacher (like her father, a fervent anti-communist), who introduced her to Goldwater’s The Conscience of a Conservative, and her Methodist youth minister concerned with issues of social justice. She briefly met, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. at a 1962 speech in Chicago’s Orchestra Hall.
In 1965, she went at Wellesley College, where she did Bachelor in Political Science. During her freshman year, she served as president of Wellesley Young Republicans with this Rockefeller Republican-oriented group; she assisted the elections of John Lindsay to Mayor of New York City and Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke to the
United States Senate.
She later stepped down from this position her views changed regarding the American Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War. In a letter to her youth minister at this time, she described herself as “a mind conservative and heart liberal”.
In contrast to the 1960s against the political system, she sought to work for change within it. In her junior year, Rodham became a supporter of the antiwar presidential nomination campaign of Democrat Eugene McCarthy. In early 1968, She was elected president of the Wellesley College Government Association and served through early 1969. Following the assassination of Martin Luther king, Jr., Rodham organized a two-day students strike with black students to admit more black students and faculty.
In her student governor role, she played a role in keeping Wellesley from being embroiled in the student disruptions common to other colleges. A number of her fellows thought she might someday become the first female president of the United States.
Professor Alan Schechter assigned Rodham to intern at the House Republican Conference, and she attended the “Wellesley in Washington” summer program. She attended the 1968 Republican National convention in Miami. In 1969, she graduated with Bachelor of Arts honor in Political science. Her fellows and senior asked that college administration allow a student speaker at commencement, she became the first student in Wellesley College history to speak at the event, following commencement speaker senator Brooke. Her speech received a standing ovation lasting seven minutes and featured in various newspaper and media.
Then she enrolled at Yale law School. Where she worked on the editorial board of the Yale Review of Law and Social Action. During her second year, she worked at the Yale Child Study Center, where she learned about new research on early childhood brain development and working as a research assistant on the seminal work, Beyond the Best interests of the Child (1973). She also analyzed the child abuse cases of
Yale -New Haven Hospital and volunteered at New Haven Legal Service to provide free legal advice for the poor. In 1970 she earned a grant to work at Marian Wright Edelman’s Washington Research Project, where she was appointed to Senator Walter Mondale’s Subcommittee on Migratory Labor. There she researched migrant worker’s problems in housing, sanitation, health and education.
In 1970 campaign of Connect of Connecticut U.S. senate Joseph Duffy, Anne Wexler recruited Rodham to assist them, with Rodham later crediting Wexler with providing her first job in politics. She earned J.D. from Yale in 1973.
Meeting with Bill Clinton, Marriage and mid phase Career
She met Bill Clinton in the college days of Yale and they began to date since late spring of 1971. She interned at the Oakland, California, law firm of Treuhaft, walker and Bornstein. The following summer, Rodham and Clinton Campaigned in Texas for unsuccessful 1972 Democratic Presidential Candidate George McGovern. Clinton first proposed marriage to her following graduation but she declined, confuse if she wanted to tie her future to this. They dated since 1975 and finally Hillary Rodham married Bill Clinton on October 11, 1975 at their home in Fayetteville. Before he proposed marriage, Clinton had secretly bought a small house that she had remarked that she liked. When he proposed marriage to her and she accepted, he revealed that they owned the house. Hillary gave birth to baby on February 27, 1980 named Chelsea Victoria Clinton.
In 1976, Hillary worked on Jimmy Carter’s successful campaign for president while husband Bill was elected attorney general. Bill Clinton was won the election of governor in 1978, lost election in 1980, but again elected in 1982, 1984 and 1990.
Career as Legal Advisor
Hillary joined the Rose Law Firm in little Rock and, in 1977, was appointed to part time chairman of the Legal Services Corporation by President Carters. As first lady of the state for a dozen years (1979- 1981, 1983- 1992),she chaired the Arkansas Educational Standards Committee, co-founded the Arkansas Advocates for children and Families, and served on the boards of Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Arkansas Legal Services and the Children’s Defense Fund. She also served on the boards of TCBY and Wal-Mart.
In 1988 and 1991, The National Law Journal named her one of the top 100 most powerful lawyers in America.
During Bill Clinton’s Presidential campaign at 1992, Hillary emerged as a dynamic and valued partner of her husband, and as president he named her to head the Task Force on National Health Reform (1993). During this period she and her husband invested in the Whitewater real estate project. The project’s bank, Morgan Guaranty Savings and loan, failed, costing the federal government $73 million. Whitewater later became the subject of congressional hearings and an independent counsel investigation.
She became the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate from New York in November 2006. In early 2007, Clinton declared her plans to strive for another first-to be the first female presidents. During the 2008 Democratic Primaries, Senator Clinton conceded the nomination when it became apparent that nominee Barack Obama held a majority of the delegate vote. When Clinton ended her campaign, she said to the supporters “Although we were not able to shatter that highest and hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you it has 18 million cracks in it, and the light is shining through like never before, filling us all with the hope and the sure knowledge that the path will be a little easier next time, and we are going to keep working to make it so, today keep with me and stand for me, we still have so much to do together, we made history, amd lets make some more.”
U.S. Secretary of State
After winning election of president, Obama nominated Hillary Clinton as secretary of state. She accepted the nomination and was officially approved as the 67th U.S. secretary of state by the senate on January 21, 2009. During her term, she used her position to make Women’s rights and human rights a central talking point of U.S. initiatives. She also led U.S. diplomatic efforts in connection to the Arab Spring and military intervention in Libya.
Benghazi Testimony and Resignation
Clinton’s testimony on the Benghazi attack came on January 23, 2013. Speaking to members of the House Foreign Relations Committee, She defended her actions while taking full responsibility for the incident, which killed four American citizens. ” As I have said many times since September 11, I take responsibility, and nobody is more committed to getting this right and I am determined to leave the state Department and our country safer, Stronger and more secure.” The House Select Committee on Benghazi issued its final report on June 28, 2016. Report found no new evidence of wrongdoing on Clinton’s part, but it was fault of “government agencies like the Defense Department, the Central intelligences Agency and the State Department – and officials who led them – for failing to grasp the acute security risks in Libyan city, and especially for maintaining outposts in Benghazi that they could not protect,” according to The New York Times.
Mother in law and Grandmother
In 2010 Clinton’s daughter Chelsea married former Goldman Sachs investment banker and current hedge fund manager Marc Mezvinsky. On September 26, 2014, Clinton became a first time grandmother when Chelsea gave a birth to Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky and gave birth her second child Aidan Clinton Mezvinsky on June 18, 20`16.
She decided to run for U.S. president and made official decision declared by her Campaign chairperson John D. Podesta on April 12, 2015 with a campaign clip with Clinton herself declaring that she’s running for president at the end of the video.